1 edition of Pattern Formation in Liquid Crystals found in the catalog.
by Springer New York in New York, NY
This volume bridges two topics of considerable current interest: pattern formation in nonequilibrium phenomena and physics of liquid crystals, both active and diverse areas of research. Because liquid crystals form large-scale and regular patterns under the influence of a variety of applied fields they are fruitful materials to study the spontaneous formation and evolution of ordered and disordered patterns. The chapters, each by a noted researcher in the field, briefly summarize the fundamental work done in the 1960s but concentrate on reviewing results from the recent resurgence of interest in the field as well as indicating the direction of current work.
|Statement||edited by Agnes Buka, Lorenz Kramer|
|Series||Partially Ordered Systems, Partially ordered systems|
|LC Classifications||QC138-168.86, QA930|
|The Physical Object|
|Format||[electronic resource] /|
|Pagination||1 online resource (xi, 339 pages 87 illustrations).|
|Number of Pages||339|
|ISBN 10||1461284643, 146123994X|
|ISBN 10||9781461284642, 9781461239949|
Herein, reconfigurable and switchable dynamic patterns are created using topological defects in nematic liquid crystals. The elastic properties of liquid crystals combined with their responsiveness to electric field are used to control the periodicity and the symmetry of an array of topological defects, assisted by polymeric : MinSu Kim, Francesca Serra. Liquid crystal, substance that blends the structures and properties of the normally disparate liquid and crystalline solid states. Liquids can flow, for example, while solids cannot, and crystalline solids possess special symmetry properties that liquids lack. Ordinary solids melt into ordinaryMissing: Pattern Formation.
Field-driven pattern formation in nematic liquid crystals: mesoscopic simulations of electroconvection Kuang-Wu Lee * and Thorsten P¨oschel As an environment for rich pattern formation, the electroconvection (EC) of nematic liquid crystals (LCs) is. Interfacial pattern formation during directional growth from the isotropic liquid to the cholesteric liquid crystal has been studied by Cladis et al. () and by Brand and Cladis ().
There is already a substantial body of work on pattern formation in liquid crystals iin response to electromagnetic fields. Electroconvection (flow induced by electromagnetic gradients) in nematic (rod-like) liquid crystals has been intensively studied over the past two decades, and provides a rich variety of pattern-formation phenomena . Stripes and cells and more chaotic patterns can form in thin sheets . Pattern Formation and Defects in Liquid Crystals (Deadline: 31 August ) Structural and Optical Properties of Smectic Films (Deadline: 30 September ) Liquid-Crystal Nanoparticles for Multiple Purposes (Deadline: 15 October ) Liquid Crystals on 2D Materials and Their Applications (Deadline: 30 October ).
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This volume bridges two topics of considerable current interest: pattern formation in nonequilibrium phenomena, and physics of liquid crystals, both active and diverse areas of research. Because liquid crystals form large-scale and regular patterns under the influence of a variety of applied fields they are useful in studying the spontaneous formation and evolution of ordered and disordered : Hardcover.
Here liquid crystals have played, and are still playing, a major role. One might say that liquid crystals provide just the right amount and right kind of complexity. They are full of non linearities and give rise to new symmetry classes, which are sometimes actually simpler to deal with qualitatively, but they still allow a quantitative description of experiments in many cases.
This book reviews the current state of the theory of pattern formation by a liquid-solid interface during crystal growth.
It gives a pedagogical introduction to the subject, including experimental results, mathematical modeling and linear stability by: Pattern Formation in Liquid Crystals. In the last 20 years the study of nonlinear nonequilibrium phenomena in spa tially extended systems, with particular emphasis on pattern-forming phenomena, has been one of the very active areas in physics, exhibiting interesting ramifi cations into other sciences.
Electroconvection (EC) in a thin layer of nematic (N) liquid crystals (LCs) is a well known example of electric field induced pattern form-ing instabilities [ 1–4 ]. Pattern forming phenomena in.
The flow patterns formed by the electrohydrodynamic effect of the nematic liquid crystal are observed. It is found that the phase diagram made from the observation bears a.
Applying a Pattern Formation in Liquid Crystals book to a nematic liquid crystal sandwiched between two electrodes leads to convection when a critical threshold value of the driving voltage is exceeded.
The patterns arising above this threshold are studied experimentally. Special. This dissertation focuses on two topics relevant to the field of pattern formation in liquid crystals. The first is thermally induced phase separation of mixtures of nematic liquid crystals and isotropic fluids.
This topic is investigated theoretically and numerically. This work develops a theory, based on mean field theory, that describes phase separation in nematic liquid crystals.
Liquid crystals are generally divided into three types. In the following, however, I will give an introduction to the main patterns formed by nematic liquid crystals, which are the main type of liquid crystal among these groups (Orihara et al., ).
Topological Defect in Liquid Crystal Figure 1 shows the case where the liquid crystal direc. Pattern formation in liquid crystals: The Saffman-Taylor instability and the dynamics of phase se Ennis, Roland ProQuest Dissertations and Theses; ; ProQuest.
Pattern formation and defects in suspended or supported liquid crystal films. This includes ordered Langmuir Monolayers, liquid crystal shells, and biomembranes. Pattern formation and defects in bulk liquid crystal phases, both thermotropic and lyotropic.
This can include recent 3D visualization techniques of defect structure. Abstract What does viscous fingering have in common with crystal growth.
It is not only the visual similarity of the patterns the two seemingly unrelated phenomena can generate under certain circumstances, but also the same underlying physics which controls both growth processes. The patterns arising above Applying a voltage to a nematic liquid crystal sandwiched between two electrodes leads to convection when a critical threshold value of the driving voltage is exceeded.
Pattern formation in a liquid crystal | SpringerLinkCited by: Pattern formation in binary calamitic liquid crystal mixtures with positive dielectric anisotropy and negative conductivity anisotropy, which attracted attention owing to field-induced light scattering under unusual conditions many years ago, is reinvestigated in the conductive regime.
Homeotropic cells with these mixtures exhibit a direct transition to isotropic electroconvection, while Cited by: 4. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: x, pages: illustrations ; 25 cm.
Contents: Introduction to pattern formation in nonequilibrium systems / Lorentz Kramer and Agnes Buka --Hydrodynamics and electrohydrodynamics of liquid crystals / Harald Pleiner and Helmut R.
Brand --General mathematical description of pattern-forming instabilities / Werner Pesch and. A Study in Pattern Formation: Electroconvection in Nematic Liquid Crystals Michael Dennin I have studied fundamental issues inpatternformationusing electroconvec-tion in the nematic liquid crystal I An electroconvection cell consists of a nematic liquid crystal, which is.
As an environment for rich pattern formation, the electroconvection (EC) of nematic liquid crystals (LCs) is studied via fully nonlinear simulations for the first time.
Previously, EC was mostly studied by experiments or by linear/weakly nonlinear hydrodynamic theory for its. title = "Pattern formation in liquid crystals", abstract = "What does viscous fingering have in common with crystal growth. It is not only the visual similarity of the patterns the two seemingly unrelated phenomena can generate under certain circumstances, but also the same underlying physics which controls both growth by: We’ve studied pattern formation theoretically in a variety of liquid crystal systems; this post describes one example.
Pentacyanobiphenyl (5CB) is a typical liquid crystal compound: it comprises a rigid core with a flexible tail. At sufficiently high temperatures, 5CB is a normal isotropic : Timothy Atherton. Liquid crystals find wide use in liquid crystal displays, which rely on the optical properties of certain liquid crystalline substances in the presence or absence of an electric field.
In a typical device, a liquid crystal layer (typically 4 μm thick) sits between two polarizers that are crossed (oriented at 90° to one another). 1 Introduction to Pattern Formation in Nonequilibrium Systems.- General Remarks.- A Simple Model.- Pattern Formation in Liquid Crystals.- Transient Patterns in the Freedericksz Transition.- Patterns in Rotating Magnetic and Electric Fields Liquid cell electron microscopy has emerged as a powerful technique for in situ studies of nanoscale processes in liquids.
An accurate understanding of the interactions between the electron beam and the liquid medium is essential to account for, suppress, and exploit beam effects.
We quantify the interactions of high energy electrons with water, finding that radiolysis plays an important role.The orientation of liquid crystal molecules could be influenced by application of an electric field.
The liquid crystal molecules would orient themselves with their dipoles (permanent or induced) parallel to the field, abonding their previous orientation. 1. 2. Freedericksz Transition.
4. Application. of Liquid Crystals.